Conservation At A Glance
Valley Of Flowers National Park
Valley of Flowers National Park is in the state of Uttarakhand , India , located in West Himalaya. Endemic alpine flowers and also the home of rare and endangered animals, including the Asiatic black bear, snow leopard, musk deer, brown bear, red fox, and blue sheep and variety of birds including Himalayan monal pheasant.
The park stretches over an expanse of 87.50 km2 and it is about 8 km long and 2 km wide. At 3352 to 3658 meters above sea level, the gentle landscape of the Valley of Flowers National Park complements the rugged mountain wilderness of Nanda Devi National Park to the east. Both parks are encompassed in the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve (223,674 ha) which is further surrounded by a buffer zone (5,148.57 km2). This Reserve is in the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves since 2004.
The Blue-Throated Macaw
The Blue-Throated Macaw (Ara glaucogularis; previously Ara caninde), also known as the Caninde macaw or Wagler’s macaw,is a macaw endemic to a small area of north-central Bolivia, known as Los Llanos de Moxos, this species is cultural heritage of Bolivia, Recent population and range estimates suggests that about 350–400 individuals remain in the wild. The main causes of their demise is capture for the pet trade. It is currently considered critically endangered and the parrot is protected by trading prohibitions.
Yellow Colchicum is a perennial herb found in the Himalayas. Colchicum luteum ,Yellow Colchicum is found in the Himalayas, from Pakistan to Himachal Pradesh, at altitudes of 1000-2700 m. Flowering: February-June. Yellow Colchicum is useful in the treatment of rheumatic swelling. A paste made with saffron and egg can be applied beneficially to rheumatic and other swellings. Dried and powdered root of the plant is useful in the healing of wounds. It should be sprinkled on the affected area.
Amentotaxus Assamica is a species of conifer in the Taxaceae family. It is found only in India. It is threatened by habitat loss.
Lotus Corniculatus is a common flowering plant in the pea family Fabaceae, native to grassland in temperate Eurasia and North Africa. Common names include common bird’s-foot trefoil and just bird’s-foot trefoil, though the common name is often also applied to other members of the genus. It is also known in cultivation in North America as bird’s-foot deervetch.
The Red Panda
The Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens), also called the lesser panda, the red bear-cat, and the red cat-bear, is a mammal native to the eastern Himalayas and southwestern China. The red panda has been classified as Endangered by the IUCN because its wild population is estimated at less than 10,000 mature individuals and continues to decline due to habitat loss and fragmentation, poaching, and inbreeding depression, although red pandas are protected by national laws in their range countries.
The Nilgai or Blue Bull
The Nilgai or Blue Bull ( Boselaphus tragocamelus) is the largest Asian antelope and is endemic to the Indian subcontinent. The nilgai is categorized as Least Concern by the IUCN.